This small, though incredibly diverse country lies, as the name already implies, directly on the Equator in South America. Along its eastern and southern borders you will find Peru, while the North borders Colombia. West there is nothing but the Pacific Ocean - until you reach the world famous Galápagos Islands Charles Darwin once marveled at, that is. The total area of Ecuador only adds up to 109,484 square miles - making it almost the exact size of Colorado. And yet, Ecuador has no less than four different, incredibly diverse worlds to offer. So if you ever feel like exploring the majestic Andes Mountains in the snow, hike through the lush Amazon rainforest, relax on one of the coastal beaches, and swim with marine turtles and penguins all in one trip - Ecuador definitely has you covered.